Gloucester County New Jersey is a county located in the U.S. state of New Jersey. As of the United States 2010 Census, the population was 288,288. Its county seat is Woodbury.
This county is part of the Delaware Valley area. It is located south of Philadelphia and northwest of Atlantic City.
According to the 2010 Census, the county had a total area of 337.18 square miles (873.3 km2), of which 322.00 square miles (834.0 km2) (or 95.50%) is land and 15.17 square miles (39.3 km2) (or 4.50%) is water.
Gloucester County is largely composed of low-lying rivers and coastal plains. The highest elevation in the county is a slight rise along County Route 654 southeast of Cross Keys that reaches approximately 180 feet (55 m) above sea level; the lowest point is sea level at the Delaware River.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 288,288 people, 104,271 households, and 75,805 families residing in the county. The population density was 895.3 inhabitants per square mile (345.7 /km2). There were 109,796 housing units at an average density of 341 per square mile (132 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 83.56% (240,890) White, 10.06% (29,006) Black or African American, 0.17% (501) Native American, 2.64% (7,609) Asian, 0.03% (95) Pacific Islander, 1.41% (4,055) from other races, and 2.13% (6,132) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.76% (13,712) of the population.
There were 104,271 households out of which 33.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 22% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.2.
In the county the population was spread out with 24.4% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 25.6% from 25 to 44, 28.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.7 years. For every 100 females there were 94.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.1 males.
Gloucester County is home to the first county based EMS agency in New Jersey providing services to the municipalities of Logan, Woolwich, Swedesboro, East Greenwich, Gibbstown, Paulsboro, West Deptford, National Park, Mantua, Pitman, Glassboro, Clayton, Woodbury, South Harrison and Wenonah. GCEMS was started in September 2007; its goal is to provide emergency medical services to the residents of the county within 8:59 seconds from the time of dispatch 90% of the time (considered to be the gold standard in EMS). Currently GCEMS has 10 ambulances in service 24 hours a day, 7 days a week and 2 "power shift" ambulances on duty from the hours of 8AM to 9PM 7 days a week. The department operates out of 11 stations spread strategically throughout the county. The Gloucester County EMS administrative offices are located at the county's Emergency Response Center at 1200 N. Delsea Drive, Clayton, New Jersey 08312. It is the winner of the 2010 Outstanding Public EMS Agency by the State of New Jersey.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 665 square miles (1,723 km²), of which, 472 square miles (1,222 km²) of it is land and 193 square miles (500 km²) of it (29.04%) is water.
Much of Monmouth County remains flat and low-lying even far inland. However, there are some low hills in and around Holmdel Township, and one of them, Crawford Hill, the former site of a radar facility, is the county's highest point at at least 380 feet (116 m) above sea level. The top portion of the hill is owned by Alcatel-Lucent and houses a research laboratory of Bell Laboratories.
The northeastern portion of the county, in the Locust neighborhood of Middletown Township and the boroughs of Highlands and Atlantic Highlands, are also very hilly. The lowest point is sea level.
Along with adjacent Ocean County, Monmouth County is a mecca of boating and fishing. Its waterways include several rivers and bays that flow into New York Harbor and the Atlantic Ocean. The Manasquan Inlet is located in the county, which connects the Atlantic Ocean with the estuary of the Manasquan River, a bay-like body of saltwater that serves as the starting point of the Intracoastal Waterway.